How to read the analyses properly

How to read the analyses properly

How to read the analysis?
Company indications and certifications Report number Sample info and header Data Table Legend HD sample photography Date and signature responsible General conditions of the Offer

Company indications and certifications

In this section you will find all the most important information about our laboratory and its certifications. The QR code you see in the centre will enable you to access your reserved area in an instant. At the top right you will find the marks of the international and national accreditation bodies with which we have validated our analysis procedures: ILAC-MRA and Accredia

Report number

This is the unique code relating to the test report. It contains three main pieces of information

Year - the year in which the analysis was carried out with that specific number

Test report number - the number of the test report on the analysis stream in the laboratory

EXT/INT - analysis performed for internal QC or third party purposes (in most cases you will read EXT):

Analytical instrument used - mainly HPLC (High-performance liquid chromatography) and GC-FID (Gas chromatography with flame-ionisation detection)

Sample info and header

On the left-hand side you can read all the information about the sample recorded when it was accepted at the laboratory. The name given at the time of the request (with all the details specified, such as the tag code); the sample matrix and the specific product type (e.g. 'plant matrix' and 'inflorescence'). The sample ID is very important; keep it in mind when you need information from the laboratory.

On the right hand side you will find all the customer data: company name, address and VAT number if applicable.

Data Table

Here you will find the actual results of the analysis. On the different rows you will read the results for each of the cannabinoids (the analytes) taken into consideration. The columns represent in order

The analytes, i.e. the molecules whose concentration was sought within the sample analysed

The result as a percentage, i.e. the concentration of the analyte, estimated as a percentage (%m/m)

The unit of measurement for the column with the percentage result, i.e. %m/m

LOQ: the Limit of Quantification, i.e. the lowest analyte concentration that can be quantitatively detected with stated accuracy and precision:

Result mg/g: is the result of the analysis but with a different unit of measurement

Legend

In this section you will find detailed information about:

- The units of measurement and abbreviations used in the certificate

- The name and revision of the method used for the analysis

- The formulas used to calculate total cannabinoids

HD sample photography

The photograph of the sample in HD, correlated with the sample number (attention! The sample number is different from the test report number and can be found in the last digits of the sample ID)

Date and signature responsible

Date and signature of the laboratory manager or operator who validated the analysis.

General conditions of the Offer

Residual Solvent Analysis

Residual solvents are defined as volatile organic chemicals used or produced in the manufacture of pharmacological substances or excipients or in the preparation of pharmaceutical products.

Quantitative analysis of terpenes GC-FID

Terpene analysis is used to determine the terpene profile of the sample and the intensity of the aroma itself. Terpene analysis is done on 13 terpenes in GC-FID gas chromatography for a unique characterisation of the superior quality product.

Quantitative tetrahydrocannabinol GC-FID analysis

THC analysis in GC-FID, i.e. gas chromatography with flame ionisation detector.

Quantitative tetrahydrocannabinol analyses are prescribed by law and are carried out according to tests in line with national and international quality control, so that the product can be traded internationally and comply with all applicable regulations.

Microbiological analyses

Microbiological analyses are carried out to verify the wholesomeness of the product. The organisms that can be detected are aerobic mesophilic bacteria, yeasts and moulds as well as Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterobacteriaceae.

Quantitative analysis of phytocannabinoids HPLC-UV

The analysis of cannabinoids is also done in HPLC-UV, i.e. high-performance liquid chromatography, which makes it possible to split two or more compounds and get accurate and timely results. We are well aware that sometimes it can take quite a long time to get this kind of analysis.

The aim is to provide a timely and accurate description of the sample we receive through the determination of 12 cannabinoids, plus the values of CBD, CBG, total THC and the percentage of residual moisture in the sample.

Dioxin and PCB analysis

Toxic chemicals persist in the environment and accumulate in the food chain.

Long-term exposure causes a range of harmful effects on the nervous, immune and endocrine systems.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons analysis

(PAH) are a large group of organic compounds, mostly non-volatile, which in indoor air are found partly in the vapour phase and partly adsorbed on particulate matter.

The main sources are combustion sources.

Phenol and polyphenol analysis

The most widespread polyphenols in nature are flavonoids, tannins, lignins, anthraquinones and melanins.

They are produced by plants, bacteria, fungi and animals. Very important in pharmacology and food.

Aflatoxin analysis

Since aflatoxins are known to have genotoxic and carcinogenic properties, consumer exposure through food must be kept as low as possible.

Ochratoxin analysis

Ochratoxins are a group of structurally related metabolites produced by certain fungi; occasionally they can also be isolated from very common species such as Aspergillus Niger.